Six Kinds of Love
In a written guide titled Colors of Love (1973), J. A. Lee defined six kinds of relationship that could be labeled love.
Eros is intimate, passionate, love–what Tennov labeled limerence. In this particular relationship, love is life’s many important things. Lee stated a look for real beauty or a ideal kind additionally typifies this particular love.
Ludus is really a game-playing or love that is uncommitted. Lying is a component associated with game. Someone who pursues ludic love may have numerous conquests but remains uncommitted.
Storge (STORE-gay) is just a sluggish developing, friendship-based love. People who have this particular love prefer to be involved in tasks together. Lee stated that storge leads to a long- term relationship for which intercourse is probably not really intense or passionate.
Pragma is a pragmatic, practical, mutually useful relationship. It might be significantly unromantic and it is often referred to as “shopping list” love must be partner is chosen on such basis as a variety of characteristics or needs. Sex will probably be viewed as a technical matter, required for producing kiddies, if they’re desired.
Mania can be an obsessive or possessive love, jealous and extreme. An individual in love this means probably will take action crazy or ridiculous, such as for instance stalking. The movie Fatal Attraction had been concerning this kind.
Agape (a-GOP-aye) is all-giving love, maybe maybe not focused on the self, just with the partner, or with individuals requiring compassion. It is stated to be reasonably uncommon.
Hendrick and Hendrick (1986) unearthed that Lee’s typology ended up being sustained by questionnaire research in 2 studies with 1,807 and 567 participants, correspondingly. “Six love design scales emerged demonstrably from element analysis” in both studies.
Exactly exactly What six several types of love did J. A. Lee define?
Hendrick and Hendrick (1986) produced a like personality Scale to identify the six kinds of love through questionnaire reactions. It absolutely was utilized in all of the subsequent research on Lee’s love kinds. Below are a few test questionnaire things:
- Eros: “My partner and I also have actually the proper real chemistry I believe that my spouse and I had been designed for one another. Between us. ” “” “My partner fits my idea standard of physical beauty/handsomeness. “
- Ludus: “we have actually often to help keep my partner from discovering about other enthusiasts. ” “I’m able to overcome love affairs pretty effortlessly and quickly. ” “I enjoy playing huge boobs latina cam the overall game of love with my partner and many other partners. “
- Storge: “Our love could be the kind that is best since it expanded away from a long relationship. ” “Our love is actually a deep friendship, maybe maybe not a mystical, mystical feeling. “
- Pragma: “a primary consideration in selecting my partner ended up being exactly just how she or he would think about my loved ones. ” “an important facet in selecting my partner had been whether she or he could be a great moms and dad. ” “One consideration in selecting my partner had been just just how he/she would think on my job. “
- Mania: “When my partner will not look closely at me personally, personally i think unwell all over. ” “if We suspect that my partner is by using somebody else. Since we ahve held it’s place in love with my partner, We have had difficulty centering on whatever else. ” “we cannot flake out”
- Agape: “I would personally instead suffer myself than allow my partner suffer. ” “we can not be delighted unless I destination my partner’s pleasure before my personal. ” “I would personally endure things with regard to my partner. “
Lee predicted males would frequently endorse Ludus more. Initially that appeared to be verified, as Hendrick, Slapion-Foote, and Foote (1985) stated that males had been prone to show the ludic kind of love, while ladies had been prone to be storgic or pragmatic.
But, Woll (1989) discovered that “the actual only real loving design which revealed clear sex distinctions had been Eros, upon which men scored considerably more than females. ” Various other studies utilizing no gender was found by the Love Attitude Scale distinctions.
Exactly What have scientists found, in learning Lee’s six kinds of love?
Partners joyfully married for over 30 years commonly identify utilizing the Eros category. This could appear counter-intuitive if a person equates eros with intimate attraction only, or with limerence.
Nevertheless, the adore personality Scale products for Eros emphasize passionate devotion more than intercourse. Possibly it’s not surprising that long-married, pleased partners would endorse statements like, “we have been designed for one another. “
A study of 500 pupils in 2 of my basic therapy classes indicated that the very first five kinds had been familiar to over 80% associated with pupils from their very own relationships or individuals they knew. Nevertheless, lower than 10% of pupils knew an individual who indicated agape.
Which kind of love ended up being minimum familiar to pupils within an basic psychology course?
Neto et al. (2000) reported research that is cross-cultural the prefer personality Scale. The authors hypothesized that “factors involving strong individual emotions, such as for instance mania, eros, and agape, could be mostly free from cultural distinctions” while “factors involving strict social guidelines. Such as for example pragma, storge, and ludus, would be determined by social impacts. “
The authors surveyed 1,157 undergraduates, similarly split between gents and ladies, at universities in Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, France, Macao, Mozambique, Portugal, and Switzerland. The outcomes supported their hypotheses.
Kinds of love involving strong individual emotions were comparable in most countries; “cross-cultural distinctions were extremely moderate. ” Nonetheless, pertaining to Pragma and Storge, “cross-cultural differences had been considerable. “
Angolans, Brazilians, Cape Verdians, and Mozambicans were more pragmatic than French and Swiss. The initial three of these nations additionally produced more storgic responses than French or Swiss. “there have been differences that are few genders. “
Gana, Saada, and Untas (2013) had been interested in which love designs might correlate with marital satisfaction. They learned 146 heterosexual couples. “the outcome revealed that on the list of love designs, only Eros contributed to satisfaction that is marital men and women. “